PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

First of all, What is Personality? Personality is sets or combination of one’s different or unique characteristics, behaviour, appearance, code of conduct, emotional and biological sets of patterns that defines a individual and makes him/her unique and different from others. Personality is what, which a man characterizes internally is what blooms out at his/her appearance. Ex-The great Indian Scholar Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar who just wore a simple faded white Dhoti(of handloom) upto the knee and a shawl on his body got respect and obeisance from the Britishers too. Now,What is development? Development includes overall growth, positive change, qualitative change and change from within. So Personality development means one’s differentiable charecteristics which are better from others making us distinctive. Personality development occurs by the ongoing interaction of temparament, character, and environment.There are different stages to personality development being the main are infancy,childhood and adolescence


INFANTHOOD

During the first two years of life, an infant goes through the first stage: Learning Basic Trust or Mistrust (Hope) . Well-nurtured and loved, the infant develops trust and security and a basic optimism. Badly handled, the infant becomes insecure and learns "basic mistrust."

TODDLERHOOD

The second stage occurs during early childhood, between about 18 months to two years and three to four years of age. It deals with Learning Autonomy or Shame (Will) . Well-parented, the child emerges from this stage with self-confidence, elated with his or her newly found control. The early part of this stage can also include stormy tantrums stubbornness, and negativism, depending on the child's temperament.

PRESCHOOL

The third stage occurs during the "play age," or the later preschool years from about three to entry into formal school. The developing child goes through Learning Initiative or Guilt (Purpose) . The child learns to use imagination; to broaden skills through active play and fantasy; to cooperate with others; and to lead as well as to follow. If unsuccessful, the child becomes fearful, is unable to join groups, and harbors guilty feelings. The child depends excessively on adults and is restricted both in the development of play skills and in imagination.

SCHOOL AGE

The fourth stage, Learning Industry or Inferiority (Competence) , occurs during school age, up to and possibly including junior high school. The child learns to master more formal skills:

relating with peers according to rules

progressing from free play to play that is structured by rules and requires teamwork (team sports)

learning basic intellectual skills (reading, arithmetic)

At this stage, the need for self-discipline increases every year. The child who, because of his or her successful passage through earlier stages, is trusting, autonomous, and full of initiative, will quickly learn to be industrious. However, the mistrusting child will doubt the future and will feel inferior.

The ego prevents us from acting on our basic urges (created by the id) but also works to achieve a balance with our moral and idealistic standards (created by the superego).2 While the ego operates in both the preconscious and conscious, its strong ties to the id means that it also operates in the unconscious.

A strong ego is exhibited in the following characteristics: objectivity in one’s apprehension of the external world and in self-knowledge (insight); capacity to organize activities over longer time spans (allowing for the maintenance of schedules and plans); and the ability to follow resolves while choosing decisively among alternatives. One of the most effective way to eradicate or lower your ego is to be spiritually active and be connected to GOD. In Sikhism a person is required to serve the society and community with humility. When one thinks that he or she has "everything" in their control, that is where ego begins to creep in and take hold. 'Human life' is to be regarded as a blessing from the Almighty and one needs to make the most of this 'rare event'.

Individuals who live by the Sikh code of conduct, will practise Sewa whenever possible; devotees will clean the footwear of the Sangat (congregation) or visitors to the Gurudwara; they will wash the dishes in the Langar ; they will clean the floors of the Gurudwara, etc - this will result in the mind of the devout Sikh becoming more humble and able to accept the Hukam of the Lord.

Self-confidence is understanding that you trust your own judgment and abilities, and that you value yourself and feel worthy, regardless of any imperfections or of what others may believe about you.

Self-efficacy and self-esteem are sometimes used interchangeably with self-confidence, but they are subtly different.

Self-confidence is vital in almost every aspect of our lives, yet many people struggle to find it. Sadly, this can be a vicious cycle: people who lack self-confidence are less likely to achieve the success that could give them more confidence.

For example, you might not want to back a project that's pitched by someone who's visibly nervous, fumbling, or constantly apologizing. On the other hand, you might be persuaded by someone who speaks clearly, who holds their head high, answers questions with assurance, and readily admits when they don't know something.

SOME WAYS TO BE SELF CONFIDENT

1. Visualize yourself as you want to be. ...

2. Affirm yourself. ...

3. Do one thing that scares you every day. ...

4. Question your inner critic. ...

5. Take the 100 days of rejection challenge. ...

6. Set yourself up to win. ...

7. Help someone else. ...

8. Care for yourself.

Personal development refers to a set of activities that one can engage in for the purpose of enhancing self knowledge and identity. It involves talent and potential development, building of human capital as well as employability, improving the quality of life, and last but not least playing a role towards the realization of aspirations and dreams. The idea of personal development is not only limited to self development, but also entails formal and informal activities meant to develop others, as well. As a person’s circle of self awareness expands, not only is he or she consciously aware of a greater portion of him or herself, but also the borders of his or her awareness have enlarged in such a way that, his or her self awareness borders upon a widened area of future discovery and development. The more doors an individual opens, the more he or she realizes there are to be opened.

Listening and attending are by far the most vital aspects of being an effective healthcare professional. Over-talking on the part of healthcare professional is normally considered to be less productive. If people can train themselves to learn on how to really listen to others, then they can be of really much help to the society. Personal development starts at a point of self awareness. In fact, it may as well be the ultimate end. It through the significant impact of personal development that an individual can grow and improve his or her relationships, wealth, happiness, health, and careers. Self awareness is a fundamental factor at the core of this broad and significant pursuit. Widening ones self awareness involves discovering new truths about an individual. Any kind of development whether personal, economic, geological, political or organizational, demands a framework for one to be able to know whether change has in reality occurred. For the case of personal development, a person frequently operates as the principal judge of improvement. Corroboration of objective improvement requires an assessment which has to be carried out using a standard criterion.

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